AYURVEDA means the science of life. It is considered divine in original and is widely
practiced in South Eastern Asia especially in Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan
and Sri Lanka.
The basic theory of AYURVEDA arises from the concept of Panchamahabhutas and Tridosha.
Tridosha means three basic constituents complexes in the physiological system-
- Vata (motion)
- Kapha (inertia)
These are three basic biological elements derived from the Panchamahabhutas(five
basic physical elements)
which constitute the bodies of all living creatures from microbes to man.
- Vata particles control the utilization of energy by various cell and organs for
their anabolic as well as katabolic activities. Vata also controls the movements
of Pitta and Kapha and thus control all the functions and activities of the body
in the form of Pitta particles.
- Pitta particles are responsible for all the biochemical reactions and metabolic
processes and supply heat and energy to the body.
- Kapha particles constitute
the cellular as well as intracellular structure of the body and maintain the internal
environment of the body. They impart strength and stability to the body. The imbalance
state of these Doshas gives rise to diseases.
A detailed study of the Tridosha principles may reveal that these are nothing but
motion, energy and inertia.
THUS AYURVEDA IS NOT MERELY MEDICAL SCIENCE BUT IS INFACT A WAY OF LIFE.
IDENTIFICATION OF TRIDOSHAS in the body is based on certain objective and
subjective signs and symptoms (factors). It can be assessed by examination or self-assessment
of certain specific factors related to various traits which individual attributes